All posts by Adela Landova

CFP: Post-revolutionary Hopes and Disillusions Interpreting, promoting and disqualifying revolutions (A Global Approach)

International Conference

Date: 6 & 7 December 2019
Venue: Prague
Deadline for the applications : 15 October 2019
Organizers:
CEFRES, Faculty of Arts of Charles University, Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University, Institute of Contemporary History of the Czech Academy of Sciences and the ERC Project„Tarica“
In partnership with: French Institute in Prague, Centre of French civilization and francophone studies (CCFEF) of the University of Warsaw, Centre of Polish Civilization of Sorbonne University, Scientific Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Paris, CNRS research unit LADYSS (University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) and Polish Institute in Prague
Language: English

2019 represents an important symbol and a major commemorative moment in Europe. Marking thirty years since the collapse of the communist regimes of Central and Eastern Europe, as well as fifteen years since their European integration, this anniversary gives rise to political, memorial and academic initiatives throughout Europe. In a way, it does undoubtedly crystallize the tensions and controversies surrounding the “1989 event” interpretation, as it renews the assessment of countries transformations in the region since the Velvet Revolution.

The political landscapes of post-communist countries provide contrasting situations. Democracies and the rule of law have emerged everywhere in a context of universalization of political and economic liberalism in Europe. Nevertheless, several societies are experiencing current upheavals, which are often described as illiberal, authoritarian or populist, or even as „conservative revolutions“.

Hence, the scientific production on the concerned societies, based on tried methods of investigation and analysis, invite us to think and rethink the “1989 event”, which remains a major moment in our contemporary history, and the transformations that Central and Eastern Europe, as well as the other European countries and the European Union, have undergone since the collapse of communism.

This thirtieth anniversary is a unique opportunity to think about revolutionary experiences and regime change in various historical contexts. Thereby, this conference aims at offering wider and new academic perspectives on regime transformations and democratic transitions, through a comparative approach. Post-Communist Europe will undoubtedly be one of our focus, as well as the Arab world following the 2011 uprisings or the political transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa. Thus, this unprecedented proposition is to offer an equal value of those revolutions in our comparative analysis, without any ranking based on success of failure.

The chosen perspective is to question the object “revolution” in terms of contradictory investments that it is the object of a variety of actors. To analyze the multiple interpretations that the revolution raises: promotion, even sublimation; but also disqualification, even outright rejection.

In fact, the expressions of disillusionment that accompany a revolutionary episode is far from rare. If there is a law of revolutions, it may be this one. The narrative of disappointment occurs almost constantly, despite the great diversity of regime change trajectories. It emerges from democratic regressions led by new political actors, from the recycling of the old regime, a counter-revolutionary process, the lack of any major social changes, or merely because the hopes carried by the revolution were not translated into political acts. Yet common in the public space, expressions of disappointment have barely been the object of academic research.

Thus, here are some exciting questions that fully justify a comparative examination:

I-Describing and representing hopes and disappointments

  • Expressions of hopes, expectations, disappointment, disenchantment, disillusion, are multiple: discursive and political, as well as artistic, literary and cinematographic. What forms do they take in the Eastern European, Arab of African context? What are their lexical and moral registers?
  • How is shape disillusion following the so-called “Old regime return”? Are these objective or ideal facts?
  • What is the impact of social inequalities persistence, economic reform lack, fading of sovereignty?
  • Which individuals, professional and social groups are more like to express hopes and disappointment? Are hopes and disappointment expressed individually or collectively?
  • What are the post-revolutionary disappointment temporalities: immediate or differed?
  • Are all kind of disappointments expressed?

II-Understanding and explaining hopes and disappointment

  • It goes without saying that the expression of hope or disappointment is not only a matter of individual and collective psychological mechanisms.
  • What are the mechanisms by which hope and disappointment is built? What are the specific actors, strategies, circumstances into play? What are the particularities of the moral, ethical and political framework from which disenchantment is deployed?
  • As Bronislaw Baczko mentioned, recalling the “emotional climate created by the revolutionary fact, the upsurges of fears and hopes (which) necessarily drive the production of social imaginaries”, to what extent is emotional over-investment part of political effervescence?
  • Is disillusionment only the natural product of prior illusion? Disappointment would then impose itself as a mirror of revolutionary hope, but it is not reduced to it as long as one is not the natural consequence of the other: it is the moment where some create and exploit the disappointment that must be the object of the investigation.
  • What is the materiality of disappointment? How do political, emotional, psychological, social vectors articulate themselves?

III- Uses and Effects of Disappointment

  • What are the social and practical practices of disappointment? Does all or part of society share it? How do some political entrepreneurs exploit it as a strategy?
  • What are the disappointment consequences on scholars and experts’ perception of the post-revolutionary process?

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Thanks to the richness and diversity of these questions, this conference will gather specialists from several disciplines of social sciences and humanities without borders, neither temporal nor spatial. We will still be dedicated to contemporary Central Europe, the Arab world and sub-Saharan Africa. The papers will have to mobilize original sources and be based on a clearly exposed method (literary analysis, oral history, political sociology, social psychology, etc.). PhD students and young researchers are particularly encouraged to propose a paper.

Publication of conference proceedings

The organizers consider a book publication or a special issue of a peer-reviewed journal (editor/target TBC) on the topic of the conference. Applicants are therefore expected to send a comprehensive abstract, and the first draft of their conference paper before the event itself.

Schedule

Deadline for paper proposals (max 500 words) : 15 October 2019

Selection of contributions and feedback from the conference organizers: 30 October 2019

Foreseen submission of final papers for publication: Half 2020

Paper proposals (max 500 words) must be sent to jerome.heurtaux@cefres.cz, by 15 October 2019 at the latest.

This international conference is organized by CEFRES, the Faculty of Arts of Charles University, the Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University, the Institute of Contemporary History of the Czech Academy of Sciences and the ERC ProjectTarica“.

In collaboration with the French Institute in Prague, the Centre of French civilization and francophone studies (CCFEF) of the University of Warsaw, the Centre of Polish Civilization of Sorbonne University, the Scientific Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Paris, the CNRS research unit LADYSS (University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) and the Polish Institute in Prague.

This conference is the third in the framework of a cycle of three conferences, entitled “1989-2019: Beyond the Anniversary, Questioning 1989”, held consecutively in Paris, Warsaw and Prague, coordinated by Maciej Forycki (Scientific Centre in Paris of the Polish Academy of Science), Jérôme Heurtaux (CEFRES–French Research Centre in Humanities and Social Sciences), Nicolas Maslowski (Centre for French Studies (CCFEF), University of Warsaw) and Paweł Rodak (Centre of Polish civilization, Sorbonne University).

Conferences costs

Due to limited funding, the organizers will be able to support some prospective or underfunded participants. Hence, conference attendees are advised to start exploring financial support from their home institutions or outside sponsors.

Scientific Direction of the Conference

  • Jérôme Heurtaux, Cefres
  • Michal Pullmann, Charles University
  • Miroslav Vanek, Czech Academy of Sciences
  • Elizka Tomalova, Charles University
  • Alia Gana, ERC « Tarica »

International Scientific Committee

  • Catherine Gousseff, CNRS
  • Marie-Elisabeth Ducreux, EHESS
  • Jacques Rupnik, CERI-Sciences Po
  • Georges Mink, CNRS

CFA: Internships at CEFRES for students from FSV UK

The applicants must be French and/or English speakers.

Within its cooperation with the Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University, CEFRES welcomes MA or PhD students from this faculty as interns. Internships last from one to three months and grant ECTS credits in the student’s curriculum (1 month-4 ECTS, 2 months-8 ECTS, 3 months-12 ECTS).

Candidates (students from social and human sciences) must have a good level in French and/or English. The intern’s tasks are based on an agreement between the intern and his/her tutor at CEFRES, who will provide the intern with advice and support all through the duration of the internship. A workstation at CEFRES will be provided to each intern and the intern has full access to the library.

The intern’s tasks consist in helping in the day-to-day administration of the institution, which includes, but is not limited to, updating CEFRES website and social networks, translating between French / English and Czech, working at the library and taking part in the organization of the center’s scientific events.

The interns are required to write in French / English a report on their experience at CEFRES. This report will allow the tutor to evaluate the professional training acquired by the student at CEFRES. After the end of the internship, the intern will receive an evaluation form from his/her tutor.

Application package must be sent in both languages: French / English and Czech and include:

  • a CV
  • a cover letter explaining your project and your expectations in terms of learning and training, and stating the period of internship required

For questions on the application procedure, contact Ms Adéla Landová:
e-mail: adela.landova@cefres.cz
tel.: +420 224 921 400

Pavol Kosnáč: Research & CV

Paramilitary Organizations in Central-Eastern Europe

Research Area 2: Norms & Transgressions

Main focus of my dissertation is on understanding motivations and decision-making of members of non-state paramilitary organizations (group of civilians organized in a military fashion) in selected countries of central and eastern Europe. I map their mental world and value-trees, areas of domicile and activities. At the same time I pay attention to the reactions of society, media and state, which vary tremendously across different countries, from mostly enthusiastic acceptance in Poland to basically indiscriminative suspicion in Slovakia.

The overarching method of the whole thesis is the grounded theory, which in opposition to dominant deductive approach that focuses on forming a hypothesis works with induction. In practice it means construction of hypotheses and general theory based on continuous analysis of data during the whole research work, not defining hypotheses before any raw data was available and analysed.

Interdisciplinarity is core to the whole work, combining standardized typologies of political science, worldview analysis coming from religion studies, polling methods from mathematical statistics, geoinformatic data visualisation analytical tools, anthropological fieldwork, frameworks and experiments from evolutionary and moral psychology, theories and questionnaires of cognitive sciences and body/neuro imagining techniques of neurosciences.

CV

Education

2012 – 2013 : MSt Religion Studies (Islam), University of Oxford, Great Britain
Focus on Islam, secondary focus on secularization/de-secularization and atheism

2007 – 2012 : BA + MA Comparative Religion Studies, Comenius University, Slovakia
Focus on Christianity and Islam, Comparative Religious Law, Sociology/Anthropology

2010 – 2012 : Collegium of Anton Neuwirth, PG Diploma equivalent, Slovakia
European Intellectual History, Political Philosophy and Jurisprudence, Just War Theory

Selected Work and Research Experience

  • I assist as an ad hoc advisor to the Department of Religion Studies (DRS) at Mahidol University in Bangkok, Thailand. The university is building a new study programme combining religion studies and neurosciences. I am also helping founding a new cognitive studies laboratory for DRS, in partnership with HUME labs at Masaryk University and COBE Lab at Aarhus University in Denmark.
  • I serve as field coordinator for humanitarian projects of St. Elizabeth University of Health Care and Social Work and Caritas Slovakia in Iraqi Kurdistan working with Yazidi organization Shingala Azad and Kurdish governmental Department for Women.
  • I am being trained as a court authorized specialist in the areas of religious extremism.

Selected publications

  • Kosnac. P., Jihadi Marketing: Reasons for success of Islamic state propaganda and recruiting, in: Hubina, M., Religion and Advertising, Mahidol University, Bangkok, scheduled – winter 2019.
  • Kosnac, P., Combat charities, or when humanitarians go to war: Influence of non-state actors on local order of partially governed spaces, Brookings Institution, Washington D.C., 2017.
  • Cusack, C., Kosnac, P., (eds.), Fiction, Invention and Hyper-reality: From popular culture to religion, Routledge, London and New York, 2017.
  • Kosnac. P., Pop-culture Based Religions: Future of New Religious Movements?, in: Gallagher, E.(ed.), Visioning New and Minority Religions: Projecting the Future, Routledge, London and New York, 2017.

Lecturing (2019 / 2020)

  • Unintentional and natural threats
  • Security aspects of New Religiosity
  • Concepts and methods of academic research

Selected Grants and Awards

  • BEA Institute Scholarship, Kosovo Program, 2014
  • British Sociological Association´s Peter B. Clarke Memorial Prize 2013
  • AMBergh KEFOUND Essay Competition 2013
  • Slovak Society for Study of Religion´s Prize of Ján Komorovský 2012
  • The Nobel Peace Prize 2012 (member of the awarded organization)

Languages

Slovak (native), Czech (fluent), English (fluent), Russian (active), Portugal (passive), French (passive), Ukrainian (passive), Arabic and Kurmanji Kurdish (phonetic, beginner)

Vojtěch Šarše: Research & CV

The Image of Cultural Decline in the Anticolonial Francophone Sub-Saharan Novel: The processes of subjectivation, objectivation, reification and identity emptiness

Research Area 2: Norms and transgressions

Contact: vojtech.sarse@cefres.cz (from September, 1st)

The novels written in the French language by Sub-Saharan authors and published in the 1950s unconditionally by French publishers is a literature of paradoxes. It is considered to have been an instrument of anti-colonial revolution and the expression of a renaissance of African culture (systematically repressed during the colonial era). But at the same time these novels describe the degradation of African identity, the cultural alienation of main characters and delineate the unbalanced relations between colonizer and colonized, criticizing in this way the intention and the determination of colonizer to devastate the individual existences of colonized nations.

For my Ph.D. thesis I have chosen ten novels (written between 1953 and 1960). The protagonist, the young African man, is pushed by the given circumstances (life in a French colony, an imposed French educational system, assimilation, etc.) at the crossroads of two cultures: an inferior Sub-Saharan culture and a superior French culture. Either they themselves criticise the colonial system by means of their revolt, for example, or they are influenced by European manners, thus refusing African roots.

My work is based on fiction (I am not working on the given sociological or psychological standards); the main characters are fictional. But at the same time the novels are very clearly rooted in historical, political and cultural facts connected to the real world – that is to say, to the contexts of the authors (it is clear where the fictional story is taking place and in which period, the landmarks usually being easily decipherable). As it is undeniable that the African nations went through the process of assimilation, the story of the chosen novels is focused on identity research and a lack of cultural points of reference. For this reason, I will in my work describe a new term which we have invented to thematize such interior uprooting: identity emptiness. This state of mind and of consciousness is provoked by the artificial need to be a part of the dominant culture (imposed by the French colonizer).

CV

Education

2015–: PhD, Department of Romance literature, Faculty of Arts Charles University (Prague)

2013–2015: Masters, French Philology, Faculty of Arts Charles University (Prague)

2010 – 2013: BA, French Philology, Faculty of Arts Charles University (Prague)

Selected Publications and Conference Papers

  • Čtyři africké romány jako exkurz do antikoloniálních frankofonních literatur. Cizí jazyky, 2017, 60 (5), 38-45. ISSN 1210-0811.
  • La (dis)simulation des langues d’origine africane. In: ČERNÍKOVÁ, Veronika. Echo des etudes romanes. České Budějovice: Ústav romanistiky, 2017, s. 315-324. ISBN 0-000-00000-0. ISSN 1801-0865.
  • La manifestation (non)collective des sentiments dans l’Afrique romanesque. Acta Universitatis Carolinae. Philologica, 2018, 6 (3), 205-215. ISSN 0567-8269.
  • Hledání subsaharských identit v románové tvorbě. Antologie subsaharského frankofonního románu. Filozofická Fakulta, Univerzita Karlova. ediční řada Varia, 2018, 221 s. ISBN 978-80-7308-892-7.
  • Rozpravy o identitách ve frankofonním prostoru subsaharské Afriky. Soubor rozhovorů a esejů. Filozofická Fakulta, Univerzita Karlova. ediční řada Varia, 2018, 129 s. ISBN 978-80-7308-894-1.

Research Grants

  • 10/2016–12/2018: Charles University Grant Agency, No. 579916: “The analytic research of selected African francophone novels, focused on the question of identity – from the origin (1935) up to the present day”

Work Experience

  • 01/10/2018 –: Charles University, Department of Foreign Languages (teacher)
  • 01/10/2015 –: Charles University, Department of Romance studies (Teacher – Lecturer)
  • 01/03/2015–31/12/2018: Charles University, Research Office (officer)

PhD Fellows Team 2018-2019

Pavel Baloun

Contact: baloun@cefres.cz 
is a PhD student at the Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Humanities, under the supervision of Pavel Himl. His PhD dissertation entitled “The Gypsy Scourge!” The Creation and Implementation of Anti-Gypsy Measures in Interwar Czechoslovakia and After, 1918-1942, contributes to CEFRES research area 2.

Martin Pjecha

Contact: martin.pjecha@cefres.cz
is a PhD student at the Central European University (Budapest) under the supervision of Matthias Riedl. His dissertation is entitled Discourses of Violence within the Hussite Movement, and contributes to CEFRES research area 2.

Florence Vychytil-Baudoux

Contact: florence.vychytil-baudoux@cefres.cz
is a PhD student at the EHESS (Paris) under the supervision of Nancy L. Green. Her dissertation in history is entitled Between Citizenship, Ethnicity and the Politics of Exile: The Logics of Polonia‘s Political Integration in France, the United States and Canada, 1945-1980 and contributes to CEFRES research area 1.

Julien Wacquez

Contact: julien.wacquez@cefres.cz
is a PhD student at the EHESS (Paris) under the supervision of Jean-Louis Fabiani. His dissertation in sociology is entitled The Grammar of Likelihood: The Attachement to Reality of Sci-Fi Practitioners, and contributes to CEFRES research area 1.

Associated PhD students 2018-2019

Mihai-Dan Cîrjan

Contact: mihai-dan.cirjan@cefres.cz
is a PhD student at the Central European University in Budapest under the supervision of Balázs Trencsényi. His PhD dissertation in comparative history on Indebtedness and Credit Relations in Times of Crisis: Reinventing the State by Governing Economic Life in Post-liberal Romania (1929-1944) contributes to CEFRES research area 1.

Felipe Kaiser Fernandes

Contact: fernandes@cefres.cz
is a PhD student at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS) in Paris, affiliated with the Interdisciplinary Institute of Anthropology of the Contemporary (IIAC), under the guidance of Sophie Wahnich. His dissertation entitled Popular Market Spaces: Migrant Women in Informal Work. A Multi-Site Ethnography, contributes to CEFRES research area 1.

Adéla Klinerová

Contact: adela.klinerova@cefres.cz
is a PhD student in cotutelle between the Charles University (Prague) and the École Pratique des Hautes Études (Paris), under the supervision of Richard Biegel and Sabine Frommel. Her dissertation is entitled Modern French Architecture in the Context of Czech and East-Central European Nineteenth-Century Architecture, contributes to CEFRES research area 1.

Yuliya Moskvina

Contact: yuliya.moskvina@cefres.cz
is a PhD student at Charles University (Prague) under the supervision of Paul Blokker. Her dissertation in sociology is entitled Squat, State, Society, and contributes to CEFRES research area 2.

Raluca Muresan

Contact: muresan@cefres.cz 
is a PhD student at the Sorbonne-Universités, Faculty of Philosophy and Humanities, under the guidance of Jean-Yves Andrieux. Her dissertation is entitled Culture, Urban Society, and Representation of Territories. The Architecture of Public Theaters in the Eastern Lands of the Habsburg Monarchy (1770-1812) and contributes to CEFRES research area 1.

Olga Słowik

Contact: slowik@cefres.cz
is a PhD student at Faculty of Arts, Charles University, under the supervision of Libuše Heczková. Her dissertation is entitled Food, Gender, Identity, and their Entanglements in Contemporary Czech Prose and contributes to CEFRES research area 2.

Ekaterina Zheltova

Contact: zheltova@cefres.cz 
is a PhD student at the Institute of International Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University in Prague, under the supervision of Kateřina Králová. Her dissertation is entitled National belonging, transnational localities and ideologies of language: Discursive practices at the Greek-Albanian borderlands and contributes to CEFRES research area 3.

CFA: one funded PhD Position – “Justice, law and politics of history in Central Europe and/or South East Asia”

Sciences Po Paris is looking for a PhD Candidate to join the “Justice, law and politics of history in Central Europe and/or South East Asia” project funded by the CNRS.

This doctoral thesis will question, from a multidisciplinary perspective, the relationships between justice, law and history (the latter being considered as a sector of public action). The research work may contribute to a diversity of fields, including the sociology of knowledge, the sociology of the public uses of the past and/or the sociology of public action. A consideration of issues of temporalities and spatial differences will be needed. The project should lie at the intersection between political science, history and area studies. Mastering one of the Central European languages is requested, and if fieldwork includes a country in Asia, the idiom of this country should also be mastered.

A least three issues will be explored: the judicial writing of history; historians in the courtroom; the place of judicial matters in the public policies of history – in particular war crime trials and/or trials against political opponents. A consideration of the legal and institutional frameworks within which history is written will combine with a reflection on the political and social uses of history.

In the selection of case studies and the devising of research methods, the student will build upon the literature on entangled history, connected histories, and global history. The time frame of the topic will be closely tied to the construction of cases. Empirical research may focus on any segment of the 20th century.

Working Environment

The selected candidate will enrol in Sciences Po Paris’ doctoral programme and will be part of the Political science doctoral school. The doctoral student will work within the Center for International studies (CERI Sciences Po), CNRS, UMR 7050.

CERI is a multidisciplinary centre for research in the social sciences and humanities that brings together specialists of Russia, Central and Southeast Europe, and Asia – among others.

The PhD will be supervised by Dr. Habil. Nadège Ragaru, Sciences Po (CERI-CNRS).

The doctoral student will take part on the collective life and research activities of the center. 

Constraints and Risks

The doctoral contract includes an obligation to conduct fieldwork. The doctoral student will spend at least three months per year doing field research in order to collect empirical data (through participant observation, interviews, etc.). During these periods, the student will be hosted by the Centre français de recherches en sciences sociales (CEFRES), in Prague, Czech Republic. CEFRES is part of the network of French research institutes abroad (UMIFRE). It offers administrative and logistical support and constitutes a stimulating scientific environment, connected with both local and regional research networks. Depending on the case studies chosen, fieldwork in other countries may be required.

Profile

  • The candidate must hold a Master’s Degree in social sciences (history, anthropology, sociology, political science) with a specialization in Central and Southeast European studies and/or South Asian area studies. He/she must not be enrolled in another doctoral programme. Mastering one of the languages of Central Europe, Southern Europe and Eastern Europe is requested, and if fieldwork includes a country in Asia, the idiom of this country must also be known.
  • The doctoral thesis can be written in French or in English.

Conditions

  • The PhD is funded. The selected PhD candidate will sign a “contrat doctoral” granting 2135 euros (gross salary) per month for a period of three years from 1st of October 2019 to 30th of September 2022.
  • The PhD is funded by the CNRS and is a CNRS doctoral contract.
  • The PhD candidate will conduct his or her work based at the CERI – Sciences Po in Paris, France.

Applications

All applications for the funded PhD position within the framework of the CNRS-funded project have to be made – exclusively by email – to the following address: nadege.ragaru@sciencespo.fr

Only complete applications will be reviewed.

The candidates will apply for thePolitical Science Doctoral Programme.

Please include in the subject of your email: CNRS Project “Justice, law and politics of history in Central Europe and/or South East Asia”

Applications requirements are available on the Doctoral school website: http://www.sciencespo.fr/ecole-doctorale/en/content/admission-phd

Attention: You must include the following documents in your application:

  • A thesis project in PDF or Word format (2,000 to 5,000 words maximum)
  • A synopsis of your thesis project (two pages) in PDF or Word format
  • Two academic recommendation
  • A CV
  • Proof of identity
  • A copy of the last completed degree (for the PhD in political science, highest honours on the Masters thesis is required) 
  • Transcripts
  • A signed letter from Nadège Ragaru, indicating that she accepts to supervise your thesis and a letter from the CERI Director indicating that he accepts to host you in the research unit. 

Special deadline

The applications are open till the 9th of September 2019 midnight.

Candidates might be contacted for Skype interview between the 10 and 20 of September 2019.

For all questions regarding the project and the academic profile please contact: nadege.ragaru@sciencespo.fr.

For further information about the CERI, see: http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr.

For further information about the Doctoral school, see: http://www.sciencespo.fr/ecole-doctorale/fr.